LATE CHRYSANTHEMUMS (Mikio Naruse, 1954)

“Money is everything,” someone remarks in Bangiku, Mikio Naruse’s masterpiece based on three stories by Fumiko Hayashi: “Bangiku,” “Suisen” and “Shirasagi.” Postwar Tokyo; Japan suffers a depressed economy. Four retired geishas are depressed also on other grounds: their youth and beauty, and hopefulness, have faded. Indeed, Okin faces no financial crisis; a landowner, landlord and […]